Fatty (by children in the Winding Circle dormitories),
Coppercurls (by Briar)
|Nationality||Capchenite (former), Emelanese|
|Height|| 4'4" (early 1035 KF)|
4'7" (Mead Moon of 1035 KF)
5'3" (in 1039 K.F.)
|Parents|| Valden and Darra Chandler (biological, estranged)|
Lark and Rosethorn (foster mothers)
Frostpine, Niklaren Goldeye, Crane (foster fathers)
|Siblings|| Sandrilene fa Toren|
Briar Moss (adopted)
|Other family|| Aymery Glassfire (cousin)|
Uraelle Chandler (aunt)
Murris Chandler (uncle)
Emmine Chandler (aunt)
|Rank|| Merchant (former)|
|Teacher|| Niklaren Goldeye (main instructor)|
|Student/s|| Kethlun Warder|
|First appeared||Sandry's Book|
|Latest appearance||The Will of the Empress|
- Niko: "I wish that by now you could trust me."
- Tris: "Everyone I ever trusted sent me away"
- — Niko and Tris[src]
Trisana Chandler (pronounced trih-SAH-nah), nicknamed Tris (trihs), is a powerful ambient weather mage and an estranged member of House Chandler. She was born in the country of Capchen. She is an extremely powerful mage, and has a good grip on academic magic as well as her own natural ambient magic. Her parents, Valden and Darra Chandler sent her away to live with different family members when she was younger. Finally before being sent away again, Niklaren Goldeye took her to Winding Circle temple in Emelan. She has three foster siblings, Sandrilene fa Toren, Briar Moss, and Daja Kisubo, and quite a few foster parents including her teacher Niko, Rosethorn, Lark, and Frostpine.
- "We can't keep her. Her parents swore that she was tested for magic and found to have none, but ... I don't know if she is possessed by a spirit, or part elemental, or carying a ghost, to be at the center of such uproar, and I don't care."
- —Dedicate Superior of Stone Circle in Ninver, Capchen, refering to Tris.[src]
Tris was born in early Wolf Moon in 1025 KF. Growing up, her family thought she was haunted or possessed based on the strength of the different weather phenomena that she unwittingly created. Magic testers, even the most expensive ones in Ninver had repeatedly failed to find any magic. Although she was actually in possession of academic magic, it was actually blocked from sight due to her untamed ambient magic. Tris was transferred from one family member to another, because nobody wanted her due to the ruckus she caused when she accidentally used her magic. She became bitter towards people and really only loved animals because they were the only ones who would accept her. The longest time she spent with any family member was with Uraelle Chandler, her great-aunt, which was for three years. Her Aunt Uraelle used her mainly for working and taught her how to clean thoroughly. Uraelle used to take Tris' books away when she didn't do the chore's to her satisfaction. In the year 1033 KF, Tris had been living with her uncle Murris Chandler and her aunt Emine.
Eventually her entire family gave up on her and sent her to Stone Circle temple in Ninver, Capchen. She was discovered there by Niklaren Goldeye when they were trying to get rid of her. By then Tris was almost ten years old. Niko recognized her to be a weather-witch with more powers than what the normal weather mage usually had.
Arrival at Winding Circle
- Niko: "If you would lend me some of your magic, it will be easier."
- Tris: "What must I do?"
- Niko: "I'll call it forth, as long as you agree to let me do it. Not just in words, Trisana. You must agree from within. You have to trust me."
- Tris: "Sure, Niko."
- — Trisana Chandler and her teacher Niklaren Goldeye when he needs to borrow some of her magic for an especially power-consuming spell to see the past[src]
When she arrived at Winding Circle, she did not fit in. She preferred spending her time reading than with other children. Niko moved her to Discipline, a cottage that was run by Dedicates Lark and Rosethorn. Tris also had new house-mates, a young noble girl called Sandry, a Trader called Daja and a thief-boy called Briar. Tris thought that they would not get along, as nobles and merchants were not supposed to be friends, Traders and merchants hated each other, and thieves weren't good company for anyone respectable. She was irritated when Sandry, the girl whom she thought would be the most against forging friendships, kept pushing friendliness on each of them despite their protests. In the beginning she was sure that Sandry was just pretending to be her friend, like so many before her.
Tris became the full student of Niko, something she was fully against as she was sure that they would send her away after a while. Tris was not informed of her magic at the beginning, as Niko thought it was more important to teach her to control it than to have her know. He taught her how to meditate and learned that she was able to hear things on the winds.
Tris became cognizant that she was a mage after she accidentally created a weaterspout in the market of Summersea, the capital of Emelan. When the townsfolk protested the presence of young mage students in areas where there were priceless goods, Duke Vedris IV ruled that no punishment would be given, but the four would have to be confined to Winding Circle until their teachers decided that they had control over their magic.
Tris also began to feel large tremors in the ground, but she continued her studies. She learned about the properties of metals with Frostpine and Daja once. The day before Midsummer in the same year, Tris experimented with the tides. As Niko had already warned her not to play with the forces of nature, she became incredibly weak and had to be carried home by Kirel. Niko gave her the book Daring the Wheel: Those Who Defied Nature's Magic to read, which had a sobering experience on her.
A few weeks after her experience with the tides, Tris and her house-mates became trapped underground during a large earthquake. Daja's magic was able to hold the rock off of them, being a smith mage. Tris was shocked to learn that Sandry was afraid of the dark, because the noble girl had always seemed so brave to her. She also helped by making sure fresh air came into their prison. Sandry was able to weave their magics together to make them stronger by using a thread she had with four lumps. She spun them together and they were able to cocoon themselves in nature magic, thus protecting themselves against the larger quake.
They were rescued by their teachers and Dedicate Gorse.
Aymery's visit and pirate attack
Approximately ten weeks after the earthqake pirates began their attack on Winding Circle. At the same time Tris' cousin Aymery Glassfire, a student at the University of Lightsbridge, arrived, supposedly to do studies in the temple's library. Tris was quite surprised to see her cousin again but she was also glad because he had always been the only family member who had shown any kindness towards her. Aymery was just as surprised as Tris and told her that her father was fatally ill and that she would do better to return home. Tris refused, however. Only days later Aymery even moved into Discipline cottage because the temple dormitories were full with refugees. Briar, who had searched Aymery's belongings, told Tris that something was wrong with her cousin. At the beginning Tris wouldn't believe him, but when they followed him one night they surprised him when he tried to open the north gate for the pirates. Tris took him to task. She learned that he had been working for the pirates all along and was bound to their head mage, Enahar, by blood and magic. Still he wanted to save her. When the pirates entered the temple grounds they killed Aymery, enraging Tris to the point where her temper would cause her powers to get away from her, again. She sent a strong hailstorm on the pirates and Winding Circle, waking the dedicates, who had been under the influence of a sleeping potion smuggled into the kitchen by Aymery, and saving the temple.
Her rage towards the pirates didn't vanish the next day, however. Although Aymery had betrayed the temple she still had loved him. He was family and the only one who had been kind to her. Her rage finally boiled over and Tris attacked the pirate ships with a waterspout. With a little help from her three friends she destroyed the fleet's flagship with her lightning and killed their head mage, Enahar. This saved her and all of Winding Circle, but she suffered from nightmares and remorse for years afterward. To repair some of the damage she had done Tris volunteered in the infirmaries to help care for the wounded from the attack, which included injured pirates. After the attack Tris also realised that she needed to learn control of her magic as to prevent killing so many people ever again.
- Niko: "Have you any ideas about what area of your talents we should concentrate on?"
- Tris: "I need to learn control, Niko--for real. With everything. I think the rest has to wait. I don't want this to happen again. Not ever."
- Niko: "At least you know it. You could have been another Enahar, living off human pain."
- — Niko and Tris after the pirate attack[src]
Visit to Gold Ridge Valley
Along with the other residents of Discipline cottage, Niko and Frostpine Tris accompanied Duke Vedris to his visits to the northern Emelanese fiefs during autumn of 1035 KF. One of their stops was Gold Ridge. There Sandry unspun the children's magics so they each regained control over it, although they continued be able to speak to each other in their minds. Tris herself helped Daja to prevent a forest fire from killing Daja and Tenth Caravan Idaram by melting part of Dalburz Glacier's ice with the help of magma-heated hot springs, the warmth of which she redirected towards the glacier.
The Duke's party, and with it Tris, returned to Summersea and Winding Circle in time for winter. Her preference for places overlooking the surrounding land led her to visit the wall around the temple community regularly; she even seemed to have been developing a habit visiting the wall at night. She especially enjoyed looking out over the harbor islands and the Pebbled Sea. By the following spring she had worn a path between Discipline and the nearest stair.
During the blue pox epidemic in spring of 1036 KF, nearly a year after Tris' arrival at Winding Circle, she is asked by Briar to have a look at the samples of the sickness in Dedicate Crane's workroom, because he suspects it having been touched by magic. Unsure, he seeks Tris' unbiased opinion, hoping that her superior ability to see magic will confirm his theory. Thus Briar convinced Crane to let Tris try for his assistant, when another one of them failed to fit his high expectations. Tris not only confirmed Briar's suspicions but also proved to be the first assistant Crane had during the epidemic to be able to match his high standards.
In the city of Tharios, Tris takes on Kethlun Warder (Keth) as a student when it is made apparent that his minor talent for glass magic has been warped by a lightning strike to include ambient lightning magic. She discovers him in the process of accidentally creating Chime, an animate glass dragon. The lightning aspect makes Tris the ideal (and possibly only) teacher for him, despite Keth being several years older than her. Tris also discovers that the orphaned Glakisa Irakory (Glaki) has academic magic and takes on the responsibility for her teaching as well, serving as a surrogate mother for the child. She greatly disapproves of Tharian culture, as their religious beliefs greatly impede the pursuit of justice and allow for the mistreatment of both the prathmun who clean the city and the yaskedasi entertainers.
She, with the aid of Demakos Nomasdina, hunts down the serial killer known as the Ghost using Keth's future-telling glass balls and her own new-found ability to scry the wind. After discovering that the Ghost is the embittered prathmuni child of a yaskedasu, she warns the prathmun to escape Tharios, knowing that the city's inhabitants will slaughter them upon learning the killer's identity. A short time later, she and Niko leave Tharios with Glaki and Chime in tow.
Upon returning to Emelan, she moves in with her siblings, as they have all become adults and therefore cannot remain in Winding Circle without dedicating themselves to the temple. However, their relationship has deteriorated in the time apart. She insists that she will earn her room and board there as their cleaning lady. She also does not tell them that her ability to wind scry has become overwhelming, making her ill and act in a manner that causes even her siblings to believe her mad occasionally.
When Sandry goes to visit her relatives in Namorn (including the empress herself), Tris, Daja and Briar accompany her. By this time Tris decides that she is going to get an Academic credential from Lightsbridge University so that she can practice "proper magic" and earn a living. She leaves Little Bear behind with a distraught Glaki, but takes Chime with her.
During their two month travel north she saves the caravan from a collapsed dam while they are crossing a ford, having seen the distant event on the winds. However, as none of the four are speaking to each other magically, she doesn't have time to explain what is wrong and uses lightning to terrify the Traders into moving faster. Instead of this bringing the friends closer together it pulls them farther apart, especially Tris and Sandry.
She is offered a position as one of the empress's mages and says she will think it over, so as not to offend. However, knowing that she will eventually be asked to serve as a war mage, she plans to refuse, although the monetary offer is quite generous.
Tris saves a fishing fleet while at the imperial palace, and while at Landreg she repairs the damage done to a shoreline near a village which would cause a bridge to collapse. She also helps Briar save Sandry from a kidnapping attempt and uses her powers to block up the tunnels under the imperial palace.
When Sandry decides to leave Namorn due to the insult, Tris, Daja, and Briar plan to leave with her. Then, in order to make it so the four are less cocky when dealing with imperial mages, Empress Berenene orders Ishabal Ladyhammer to weave a curse that will injure Tris, but not kill her. Tris was made to fall down some stairs in a very damaging manner, resulting in five broken ribs, a broken collarbone, a dislocated shoulder, skull fractures, a broken cheekbone, an arm broken twice, a broken wrist, a dislocated hip, a leg broken thrice, a broken ankle, and several broken toes and fingers. However, as requested, the curse made sure that none of the broken bones pierce skin or organs, meaning that with the aid of a healer, the damage was debilitating but not fatal. When Sandry says that they will stay with Tris while she recovers, Tris firmly tells them to leave for Emelan before the empress comes up with something new. She begins her journey home about a week later after coming to the realization that the empress has sent Ishabal to stop Sandry from leaving by force, moving quickly so as to be able to support her siblings magically.
She, along with her foster-sibling, manage to bring down the magical barrier that blocks entrance from Olart. They all rejoin magically and gain small scars on their palms where the lumps of their magical thread bond with them. SHe caught up with them soon after, and they all rested at an inn before their return to Emelan.
Now all reconciled, the four meet in a mental haven in the image of Discipline Cottage created by Briar during his time as a prisoner. They all admit the reasons they had shut each other out, and confirm that they still care for each other.
She has curly copper-coloured hair, stormy gray eyes which usually held a fierce look, and wears glinting brass-rimmed spectacles. She had pale red lashes and fair brows. Tris's nose is rather long. Tris's chin was sharper than her foster sister Sandry's, but as firm as hers. She is slightly chubby and is called "Fatty" a few times by some of the crueler persons surrounding her. When Tris first comes to Winding Circle Temple she wears a old, stained dress that doesn't even really fit her as it is quite tight on the seams. The following winter Lark and Sandry had remade Tris's wardrobe, which then also included garments fit for a visit at Duke's Citadel. At the age of ten, when she first comes to Winding Circle, Tris is four feet and four inches (4'4") tall. Six months later she has grown three inches, which makes her four feet and seven inches (4'7") around Mead Moon in 1035 KF. When she is fourteen she is five feet three inches (5'3") tall, half a foot smaller than Niko. Later, when she obtains her mage's credential, she does her hair in numerous braids, although her foster-brother Briar Moss still calls her 'Coppercurls.' Her magic is with weather and her braids are her mage kit, each one storing things like lightning and wind. Her braids do not store rain, however, as it makes her hair go frizzy.
Personality and traits
- Tris: "Let me be. My feelings are none of your affair."
- Daja: "They are if you burn this house down around us."
- — Tris and Daja the morning after Aymery's death[src]
Tris has quite a temper as well as a sharp tongue that has been known to hurt other people's feelings. In her childhood she has learned not to make friends immediately, as most people betrayed her trust by sending her away once they noticed the peculiar weather phenomenons taking place around Tris. Other children didn't befriend her easily either, because they used to tease her with her plumpness and they, too, avoided her because of the strange things happening around her. Often the teasings of other children were the trigger of the weather phenomenons caused by Tris and she "didn't like it" when Niko told her that controlling her magic also meant not to punish others that way. Tris has PTSD from her childhood.  Despite her sharp wit and sometimes petty nature, Tris abhors true violence and killing. After she single handedly destroys much of a pirate fleet, she suffers from horrendous nightmares for years afterwards and swears that she will never use her abilities for war magic again.
She doesn't like people who cheat by copying or trying to shove ahead in a line, one aspect which makes her unpopular with the other children in the temple. Tris likes reading and is easily vexed when someone interrupts her at it. Her choice in books also includes such as history, biography or astronomy, topics which her roommates considered "completely useless area[s] of knowledge". Tris likes standing on high ground, where she can see the land around; this preference for lookout spots comes from her being a weather-witch.
She dislikes buttermilk.
Tris is also very insecure, even when it comes to dealing with her foster-siblings. When they all return from their travels she realizes that the rest of her family will be rich, while she will struggle to make a living, which gives her another reason to attend Lightsbridge University. When they reach Namorn she feels out of place and does not want to associate with the wealthy world she finds there.
She forgets all about her insecurity, however, when someone needs her help, especially family, but also others. Thus she was able to teach a much older student in Kethlun Warder, even if he didn't believe a mere girl could teach him anything at the beginning. When people she cares about are in danger her temper is likely to get the better of her. When she was still unable to control her power this was often accompanied by strange weather phenomena, like hail indoors or simply lightning crawling over Tris' skin.
Tris had been raised as a merchant's daughter and thus learnt of the prejudices against the poor. This caused her to dislike everything connected with poverty during her early time at Discipline. For example she didn't like Briar immediately but needed time to become friendly with him. She still harvested some prejudices after a year's stay at the cottage and once even voiced the opinion that everyone knew that the poor bred disease. She was sharply reprimanded by Lark for this statement. However, there might also have spoken fear for Briar and Rosethorn from this remark because Tris, very like Briar, had a habit of hiding her fear behind harsh remarks.
Skills and abilities
Tris has acquired several useful skills before she came to Discipline. Thus she is the only one of the four children who can properly clean a house and teaches this to the others. She is also very good at reading and writing which she teaches Briar. Furthermore she is the best of them when it comes to bargaining. Her abilities in this field even exceed those of Daja, who is a Trader. In return for his training, Kethlun Warder teaches her the basics of glassblowing.
However Tris also lacks certain skills. Thus she is the only one of the four young mages who can't speak Tradertalk when she comes to Discipline. She learns some of it while living at the cottage. Briar has also to teach her how to pick locks and Tris isn't adept at fighting, either. Out of the four she is the one who tires the quickest. She has also lost some social skills due to her casting out by each of her family members and can come off as rude and unpleasant.
- Daja: "How do you know it will be cooler?"
- Tris: "Am I the weather-witch around here or not? I know."
- — Daja Kisubo and Trisana Chandler on a hot day at Discipline cottage[src]
Tris is arguably one of the most powerful mages in the world. She has ambient magic with weather and the earth, affecting various types of elemental currents. When she was first learning how to control her power, she worked with Briar and Daja created a light-shedding crystal to serve as Sandry's night lamp. Not even a year later Tris had already managed to created a crystal lamp on her own, one that was clearer and gave more and steadier light than the first creation by her and her two siblings. She also has the farthest magical range of any of her siblings, able to descend deep into the earth's mantle and high into the atmosphere. Her magical body is also more resistant, able to travel through lava with no discomfort, an ability that even smith, fire, and stone mages lack. Unfortunately, her magic is so powerful that it often reacts strongly to her emotions, to the point that lightning often sparks along her body when she is angry. She has worked hard to keep these effects under control.
Tris generally works her magic in one of two ways. As with most ambient mages, she can simply control the things her magic works through. In this manner, she exhibits control of all aspects of weather, easily able to summon storms and all they might entail, including rain, hail, and lightning. She often uses her ability to keep herself (and others) dry when it rains, simply deflecting the drops in a dome over her head. She can also control geothermal energy (heat), as well as magma and lava to limited extent. While she cannot actually control the tides of the ocean without risking death, she can harness their energy. One of her most common uses of her ability is the manipulation of winds, which she uses to cool herself, move objects, and deflect attacks. She also can hear anything the wind does, and once manipulated the air Keth breathed to make it repeat the rather rude phrase he used to describe her. These noises originally made her believe that she was crazy, as she heard things that no one else did.
The second way she uses her magic is through her braids. With the help of Sandry, she has learned how to bind the forces under her control into her hair through specific braiding patterns. This allows her to carry forces far from their original source, giving her materials and supplemental energy where ever she goes. As such, her hair serves as her mage kit. She has stated that she keeps winds that blow in specific directions, tidal energy, geothermal energy, lightning, and even small hurricanes and earthquakes. She laments that she cannot keep rain braids, as they make her hair frizz, breaking the patterns. She wears colored ties to help remind her which braid holds what. They are likely enchanted so no one but her can untie them, and they continue to bind the power while she sleeps. She renews these protections whenever she washes her hair.
Beyond using her bound energies to affect the world around her, she can also turn it inward to give herself more energy so she has no need for sleep. She generally uses tidal energy for this since it is a relentless power, but also uses lightning to make herself more energetic. However, once the energy runs out, her body must recover, forcing her to sleep for long periods of time. After her use of this ability in Tharios, she slept for five days.
After a greater study of weather patterns, she discovers that manipulating large weather events is harmful, causing flooding and draught in the areas affected. As such, she refuses to summon rain and storms for people, despite this being an easy way to make money. She also refuses to use her abilities for war magic.
After having her glasses enchanted by Niko to see magic, Tris developed the ability to see magic naturally. Tris was the only one of her siblings to show much of a talent for scrying. Using traditional methods, she was successful every time, but never saw anything of much interest. She once aided Niko in a powerful spell to scry the past, but on her own she sees only the present and has no control of what she sees. After leaving Winding Circle, she became determined to learn how to scry on the wind, and Niko eventually relented and gave her a book describing the process. She has become quite proficient at wind scrying, but unfortunately the constant barrage of images is often overwhelming.
As Tris' magic is over immaterial energies, she draws her circles with raw power instead of using a physical catalyst to support them. She can do this rapidly and powerfully, creating shields that would take experienced mages hours to build in mere seconds.
Biological Family - House Chandler
- "If my father wants me, he'll send for me. The last time I saw him, he told a stranger that he and my mother didn't want me back. Not ever!"
- —Tris to her cousin Aymery after he told her of her father's illness[src]
Tris feels resentful towards her family because they made it quite obvious in the past that they didn't want her around for all the odd things happening around the girl. Thus Tris even refuses to consider going home when Aymery tells her that her father is dying—which was a lie of his to get his cousin into safety. In fact Aymery is the only relative Tris feels kind towards, even when she realizes he betrayed Winding Circle to Enahar and his pirate fleet. Aymery's death awakens her rage and she can't be stopped from seeking revenge, thus destroying the pirate fleet, even though she had help.
In her first weeks at Discipline cottage Tris was afraid of the rough dedicate. A feeling caused by Rosethorn's gruff behavior towards her and the other children as well as her statements that she didn't like children and threats that she would punish them if they went into her garden or workroom without permission. Tris discovered Rosethorn's soft side, when she found an orphan starling and Rosethorn explained to her how to care for the young bird. Her fear of the dedicate lessened after that. Tris now cares deeply for Rosethorn, and risked her like with her siblings to rescue the woman from death during the blue pox epidemic.
Niko is Tris's main teacher. He, like her, is vested in his magic, but also in finding and teaching other mages. He, like Tris's other foster-parents, are careful not to treat her like a monster or a prodigy, but like a normal human being. He is careful to remind her of morality (shown when she was going to kill the prathmuni called the Ghost). He also is careful to instill an awe of magic, and to show her that it is not good if she uses her magic for everyday things as one day she might need all of her reserves. Niko is a good teacher for her, and never strays. He is like a foster-father to Tris and the rest of the four.
Sandry is the sister that Tris is most prickly towards (although she's prickly towards all of them). Tris doesn't approve of Sandry's wealth or station, and she believes that Sandry is being silly whenever Sandry puts on a noble shroud. This can be seen in 1043 KF, when the four venture to Namorn. Tris's dislike of nobility is the main reason that they had trouble getting along in Namorn. She and Sandry have had their good moments, however. She is a realist and she's a good offset to Sandry's seemingly idealistic ways.
Tris disapproves of Briar at first, as he was once a known thief, but the two become good friends. In exchange for fighting lessons, Tris teaches Briar how to read and write. During their visit to Namorn, Briar opens up to her about what happened in Gyongxe because she knows that she won't fall over him with pity. She is forceful in that he should see a mind healer when he gets back to Emelan. Briar is arguably Tris's favorite of her foster siblings, due to their bonding with books, writing, reading, and fighting.
At first, Daja and Tris don't get along, as Daja is a Trader and Tris comes from a merchant family, which means that they are rivals in trade and by culture. They become good friends though, and Tris and Daja even learn about metals together. When they visit Namorn in 1043 KF, Tris has become closed-off and sharp again, something Daja despises. They have a common interest during the time: the welfare of Zhegorz Fiavrus. When Tris hears from Zhegorz that Daja has told him to go away, and he took it like she actually meant it, Tris confronts the other girl. She is prepared for a fight, but finds that Daja is upset because of the end of her relationship with Rizu and how the woman won't come to Emelan with them. Tris comforts her, and they laugh and reopen their magical connection.
While in Tharios, Tris goes to visit her student Keth at his home in Khapik and meets his yaskedasi housemates, including Iralima and her daughter Glaki. Later, the serial killer known as the Ghost kills Iralima, orphaning Glaki. A short time after that, Iralima's friend Yali (who has been caring for Glaki) is also murdered, leaving the girl alone in a house full of people who do not want her. Knowing how terrible that is, Tris goes to comfort the girl and takes over her care. Upon discovering the girl is an academic mage, she becomes Glaki's teacher as well. When Tris and Niko leave Tharios, they take Glaki with them back to Winding Circle. Glaki is very upset when Tris leaves her in the Temple City while she travels to Namorn with her foster siblings.
- The Circle of Magic
- The Circle Opens
- The Will of the Empress
Tamora Pierce is planing to write another novel centered around Tris and her experiences at Lightsbridge University. This novel is tentatively scheduled for publication in 2013, after the book centering around Briar, Evvy and Rosethorn in Yanjing, and doesn't have a title yet.
Notes and references